Engineering Physics | Unit 1 -6 Notes

Course Objectives:

To teach students basic concepts and principles of physics, relate them to laboratory experiments
and their applications

Examination Scheme:

In Semester : 30 Marks
End Semester: 70 Marks
PR: 25 Marks

Download Notes

Insem

UnitDownload Button
Unit No: 1 Download Now
Unit No: 2 Download Now
UnitDownload Button
Unit No: 3 Download Now
Unit No: 4 Download Now
Unit No: 5 Download Now
Unit No: 6 Download Now

Syllabus

Unit I: Wave Optics

Impurities in water, hardness of water: Types, Units and Numericals. Determination of hardness (by EDTA method using molarity concept) and alkalinity, numericals. Ill effects of hard water in boiler – priming and foaming, boiler corrosion, caustic embrittlement, scale and sludge. Water treatment: i) Zeolite method and numericals ii) Demineralization method. Purification of water: Reverse osmosis and Electrodialysis.


Unit 2: Laser and Optic Fibre

Laser

  • Basics of laser and its mechanism, characteristics of laser
  • Semiconductor laser: Single Hetro-junction laser
  • Gas laser: CO 2 laser
  • Applications of lasers: Holography, IT, industrial, medical

Optic Fiber

  • Introduction, parameters: Acceptance Angle, Acceptance Cone, Numerical Aperture
  • Types of optical fiber- step index and graded index
  • Attenuation and reasons for losses in optic fibers (qualitative)
  • Communication system: basic building blocks
    Advantages of optical fiber communication over conventional methods.

Unit 3: Quantum Mechanics

  • De-Broglie hypothesis
  • Concept of phase velocity and group velocity (qualitative)
  • Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
  • Wave-function and its physical significance
  • Schrodinger’s equations: time independent and time dependent
  • Application of Schrodinger’s time independent wave equation – Particle enclosed in infinitely deep potential well (Particle in RigidBox)
  • Particle in Finite potential well (Particle in Non Rigid box) (qualitative)
  • Tunneling effect, Tunneling effect examples (principle only): Alpha Decay, Scanning Tunneling Microscope, Tunnel diode
  • Introduction to quantum computing

Unit 4: Semiconductor Physics

Free electron theory (Qualitative)

  • Opening of band gap due to internal electron diffraction due to lattice Band theory of solids
  • Effective mass of electron Density of states
  • Fermi Dirac distribution function
  • Conductivity of conductors and semiconductors
  • Position of Fermi level in intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors (with derivations based on carrier concentration)
  • Working of PN junction on the basis of band diagram
  • Expression for barrier potential (derivation)
  • Ideal diode equation
  • Applications of PN junction diode: Solar cell (basic principle with band diagram) IV Characteristics and Parameters, ways of improving efficiency of solar cell
  • Hall effect: Derivation for Hall voltage, Hall coefficient, applications of Hall effect

Unit 5: Magnetism and Superconductivity

Magnetism

  • Origin of magnetism
  • Classification of magnetism on the basis of permeability (qualitative)
  • Applications of magnetic devices: transformer cores, magnetic storage, magneto-optical recording

Superconductivity

  • Introduction to superconductivity; Properties of superconductors: zero electrical
  • resistance, critical magnetic field, persistent current, Meissner effect
  • Type I and Type II superconductors
  • Low and high temperature superconductors (introduction and qualitative)
  • AC/DC Josephson effect; SQUID: basic construction and principle of working; Applications of SQUID
  • Applications of superconductors

Unit 6: Non Destructive Testing and Nanotechnology

Non Destructive Testing

  • Classification of Non-destructive testing methods
  • Principles of physics in Non-destructive Testing
  • Advantages of Non-destructive testing methods
  • Acoustic Emission Testing
  • Ultrasonic (thickness measurement, flaw detection)
  • Radiography testing

Nanotechnology

  • Introduction to nanotechnology
  • Quantum confinement and surface to volume ratio
  • Properties of nanoparticles: optical, electrical, mechanical

Applications of nanoparticles: Medical (targeted drug delivery), electronics, space and defense,
automobile

Ads Blocker Image Powered by Code Help Pro

Ads Blocker Detected!!!

We have detected that you are using extensions to block ads. Please support us by disabling these ads blocker.

Powered By
100% Free SEO Tools - Tool Kits PRO