Human rights are for the protection against people who might want to harm us.
Theses rights may also help us get along with each other and live in peace.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) by the United Nations declared 30 human rights on December 10, 1948.
These rights were declared with the purpose of promoting peace and harmony.
Advantages of knowing human Rights :
When you know your human rights then you can apply that knowledge to bring greater tolerance and peace in your society. You can also use that knowledge to educate people and spread awareness.
30 Human Rights :
Article 1 – Right to be equal in dignity
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Article 2 – Right against discrimination
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedom set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political, or other opinions, national or social origin, property, birth or other statuses.
Article 3 – Right to life and liberty
Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of the person.
Article 4 – Right against practice of slavery
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude. Slavery and slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
Article 5 – Right against torture
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Article 6 – Right to be recognized as a person
Everyone has the right to be recognized everywhere as a person before the law.
Article 7 – Right to equal protection of the law
All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law.
Article 8 – Right to an effective remedy
Everyone has a right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunal for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.
Article 9 – Right against arbitrary arrest
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention, or exile.
Article 10 – Right to a fair and public hearing
Everyone is entitled to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.
Article 11 – Right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty.
Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defense.
Article 12 – Right to Privacy
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with hi privacy, family, home, or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honor and reputation.
Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.
Article 13 – Right to freedom of movement
Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the boundaries of each state.
Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and return to his country.
Article 14 – Right to seek asylum from persecution
Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes.
Article 15 – Rights to nationality
Everyone has a right to a nationality. No one shall be arbitrary deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.
Article 16 – Right to marry
Men and Women of full age, without any limitations due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the individual spouses.
Article 17 – Right to own property.
Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.
Article 18 – Right to freedom of religion
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice and worship.
Article 19 – Right to freedom of opinion
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression. This includes freedom to hold opinions without interference, and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas from any media.
Article 20 – Right to freedom of peaceful assembly
Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association. No one may be compelled to belong to an association.
Article 21 – Right to take part in the government
Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives. Everyone has the right to equal access to public services in his country.
Article 22 – Right to social security
Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to free development of his personality.
Article 23 – Right to work
Under this, We have free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment. Everyone without discrimination has the right to equal pay for equal work.
Everyone has the right to form unions and for the protection of their interests.
Article 24 – Right to rest and leisure
Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitations of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.
Article 25 – Right to standard living adequate for health and well-being
everyone has the right to standard living adequate for health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance.
Article 26 – Right to education
Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit. Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.
Article 27 – Right to participate in cultural life of community
Everyone has the right to participate in cultural life of a community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancements and its benefits.
Article 28 – Right to enjoy the rights and freedoms of this declaration
Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedom set forth in this declaration can be fully realised.
Article 29 – Everyone has duties to community
Everyone has some duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.
Article 30 – Right to protect rights declared in above Article
Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any state, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedom set forth herein.
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