The word Volcano has been derived from the little island of Vulcano in the Mediterranean Sea of Sicily. As dangerous as it is considered, there lies an interesting story behind its origin. In Roman mythology, Vulcan, the god of fire, was said to have made tools and weapons for the other gods in his workshop at Olympus.People thought that the hot lava fragments and clouds of dust erupting form Vulcano came from Vulcan’s forge as he beat out thunderbolts for Jupiter, king of the gods, and weapons for Mars, the god of war. Here is a list of some of the most dangerous active Volcanoes around the world.
Yellowstone Caldera – This supervolcano, located in the Yellowstone National Park, the oldest of all, in the United States spreads to about 34 by 45 miles. Due to the volcanic and tectonic nature of the region, the Yellowstone Caldera experience 1000 to 2000 measurable earthquakes a year. Located near one of the most popular tourist destinations, its next eruption could be truly catastrophic.
Mount Versuvius – It’s a stratovolcano in the Gulf of Naples, Italy. Characterized by a large cone encircled by a steep rim, it is best known for its eruption in AD 79 responsible for the massive destruction of Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. This eruption alone, ejected a cloud of stones and ash to a height of around 33 km.
Sakurajima – This ‘Cherry Blossom’ Island is an active composite volcano in Japan. Its ongoing typical activity ranges from strong strombolian to large ash explosions every 4-24 hours. Under a Level 3 alert by the Japan Meteorological Agency, the most recent eruption of this volcano started on February 5, 2016. Its 1914 eruption had such a massive effect that it inspired the movie, The Wrath of The Gods.
Mount Merapi – Literally called Fire Mountain, it is the most active volcano in Indonesia and has erupted regularly since 1548. It is said that it’s activity resulted in the demise of the Hindu Kingdom of Mataram. In 2010, one of its most devastating eruptions killed 353 people and left 320,000 local residents homeless.
Taal Volcano – It’s a complex volcano located on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. Since 1572, 33 eruptions have been recorded. Altogether, it’s estimated that 5,000-6,000 people have been killed by eruptions at Taal. Apart from this,Taal Volcano and Lake presents one of the most picturesque and attractive views in the Philippines.